Submitted: 04 Dec 2017
Revised: 14 Jan 2018
Accepted: 17 Feb 2018
First published online: 27 Feb 2018
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Int J Enteric Pathog. 2018;6(2):33-35.
doi: 10.15171/ijep.2018.09
  Abstract View: 204
  PDF Download: 167

Review Article

Role of Enterotoxin-Producing Staphylococci in Zoonotic Infections in Iran

Abdolmajid Ghasemian 1,2 ORCiD, Farshad Nojoomi 1, Mona Mahrooghi 3, Seyede Amene Mirforoughi 4 *

1 Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Bacteriology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Researcher of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Context: Staphylococci spp, are enterotoxin-producing zoonotic agents causing a variety of infections such as mastitis in animals and wound bite infections in humans. This review was conducted to determine the prevalence of Staphylococci infections especially to uncover enterotoxin-producing species in Iran.

Evidence acquisition: for this review, words of "Staphylococcus", "zoonotic", "prevalence", "animals", "human" and "Iran" were searched in the internet engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Google, Science Direct and so on. Patients with no history of contact with animals were also included in the study for comparison aims. Both veterinary and human coagulase positive isolates were included. Data was analyzed with Graph Pad Prism 6, meta-analysis section. A total of 20 previous studies (450 clinical samples) were found. S. intermedius was the predominant isolate identified in veterinary sources. Other coagulase positive spp such as S. hycus and S. simulans were isolated with lower prevalence, but S. delphini has not been detected.

Conclusion: S. intermedius was the most isolate identified in veterinary sources with potential of causing infections in humans. Other coagulase positive spp such as S. hycus and S. simulans were isolated with lower prevalence, but S. delphini was not detected.

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