Submitted: 07 Oct 2017
Revised: 27 Nov 2017
Accepted: 16 Jan 2018
First published online: 27 Feb 2018
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Int J Enteric Pathog. 2018;6(2):45-47.
doi: 10.15171/ijep.2018.12
  Abstract View: 90
  PDF Download: 76

Research Article

The Relationship Between Class I and II Integrons and Antibiotic Resistance Among Escherichia coli Isolates From Urinary Tract Infections

Farshad Nojoomi 1 ORCiD, Mahtab Vafaee 1, Hossein RajabiVardanjani 2 *

1 Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Objective: the aim of this study was determination of antibiotic resistance profile, investigation of class I and II integrons among Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolates from urinary tract infections. This study was conducted for the investigation of the prevalence of class I and II Integrons among E. coli Isolates from urinary tract infections. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 E. coli clinical isolates were collected from urinary tract infections in Borujerd city, Iran, from… to …. All the isolates were identified with standard laboratory procedures as described everywhere. The antibiotic susceptibility profile was conducted against adopted antibiotic disks following CLSI 2016 guidelines. All the isolates were enrolled in the PCR technique for the presence of class I and II integrons. Results: the highest resistance was against amoxicillin (72%), ciprofloxacin (69%), nalidixic acid (55%) and tetracycline (51%). The prevalence of class I and II integrons was 31% and 21%, respectively. A significant relation was observed between resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (p<0.001), nalidixic acid (p<0.01) and tetracycline (p<0.005) with the presence of class I integron. The rate of class I integron in the E. coli isolates was high, possibly playing a role in the spread of multidrug resistant isolates. Conclusion: considering the significant relation observed between the presence of class I integron among multidrug-resistant isolates, establishment implementation of proper procedures to control and suitable treatment strategies in hospitals seems essential for the prevention of more spread of these isolates.
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