Submitted: 02 Dec 2012
Revised: 04 Feb 2013
Accepted: 04 Feb 2013
First published online: 20 May 2013
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Int J Enteric Pathog. 2013;1(1): e9416.
doi: 10.17795/ijep9416
  Abstract View: 473
  PDF Download: 610

Research Article

Isolation and Determination of Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Nontyphoid Salmonella spp isolated from chicken

Seyyedeh Hoorieh Fallah 1, Fariba Asgharpour 2, Zahra Naderian 2, Zahra Moulana 3 *

1 School of Paramedical Sciences, Babol University of Medical sciences, Babol, IR Iran
2 Microbiology Laboratory, School of Paramedical Sciences, Babol University of Medical sciences, Babol, IR Iran
3 Infectious Diseases & Tropical Medicine Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran
*Corresponding author: Zahra Moulana, Infectious Diseases & Tropical Medicine Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran. Tel: +98-1113268528, +98-9113130045, Fax: +98-1113234367, Email: zmoulana@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Salmonellosis is one of the most common food borne diseases in industrial and developing countries. In recent years, an increase in antimicrobial drug resistance, among non-typhoid Salmonella spp has been observed.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to isolate and determine antibiotic resistance pattern in non-typhoid Salmonella spp.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was done on 100 samples of chickens collected from 196 retail markets and was examined for the presence of Salmonella using standard bacteriological procedures and stereotyping kit. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by disk diffusion methods according to the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (CLSI). The data were analyzed by using the SPSS software version 18.

Result: Forty- four percent of samples were contaminated with Salmonella infection and 56% didn’t have any contamination. The stereotyping results showed that 34 of 44 isolates of Salmonella belonged to Salmonella infantis (79.5 %), one strain (2.3%) of group C and 8 strain (18.2%) of group D. However, all these strains were sensitive to Cefotaxime and Ciprofloxacin, and 100% were resistant to Nalidixic acid, Tetracyclin and Sterptomycin. The most common resistance pattern (34.1%) was towards six antibiotics, and 6.8% of strains were resistant to at least three antibiotics.

Conclusion: High levels of resistance to antibiotics that are used commonly for human and poultry can be a warning for our community health and this information must be used to form important strategies for improvement of infection control.

Please cite this paper as:

Fallah S. H, Asgharpour F, Naderian Z, Moulana Z. Isolation and Determination of Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Non-typhoid Salmonella spp isolated from chicken.Int J Enterpathog. 2013; 01(01): 17-21. DOI: 10.17795/ijep9416

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