Submitted: 01 Sep 2015
Revised: 19 Sep 2015
Accepted: 27 Sep 2015
First published online: 06 Oct 2016
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Int J Enteric Pathog. 2016;4(1): e32860.
doi: 10.17795/ijep32680
  Abstract View: 263
  PDF Download: 321

Brief Report

Trends in the Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Fardis, Iran, 2011 - 2014

Mohammad Javad Gharavi 1,2, Monir Ebadi 3, Hossein Fathi 3, Zahra Yazdanyar 2, Nassimeh Setayesh Valipor 3, Parviz Afrogh 4, Enayatollah Kalantar 3,5 *

1 Department of Pathobiology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran
2 Fardis Central Laboratory, Fardis, Karaj, IR Iran
3 Dietary Supplements and Probiotic Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran
4 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, IR Iran
5 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran
*Corresponding author: Enayatollah Kalantar, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2634551034, Fax: +98-2634529133, Email: ekalantar@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: One of the most common causes of chronic bacterial infections is H. pylori and there is evidence indicative of its strong association with gastric cancer.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection using Gram staining, IgG, urea breath test (UBT), and stool antigen from patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms.

Materials and Methods: Patients with GI symptoms who were referred to Fardis Central Laboratory, Fardis, Iran for identification of H. pylori from different clinical specimens from 2011 to 2014 were included in this study. Demographic data were retrieved from the medical records of enrolled patients.

Results: A total of 16002 patients were referred to Fardis Central Laboratory, Fardis, Iran over the past 3 years. Among them, 5662 (35.38%) were males and 10340 (64.62%) females; their mean age was 48 years (range 3 to 93 years). Of 16002 patients tested, 6770 (83.77%), 137 (1.69%), and 1174 (14.54%) were positive for H. pylori according to the results of immunoglobulin G (IgG), urea breath test (UBT), and H antigen, respectively.

Conclusions: H. pylori infection rate in patients referring to Fardis Lab with GI symptoms was relatively high which could be due to some health habits. Although this kind of infection is considerably common, it can easily be diagnosed by noninvasive tests.

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